Height and Weight Norms and Somatotypical Height-Weight Classification for 20-70-Year- Old Estonian Women

Published in Human Evolution – Vol. 31 – n.4 – 2016

DOI: 10.14673/HE201641023
KEY WORDS: Estonian women’s (aged 20-70) height and weight norms, somatotypical height and weight classification.


The aim of the current study was to present height and weight norms of adult Estonian women (aged 20-70 years, n=4587) and to show the possibilities of somatotyping these data by means of a height-weight classification.
With the assistance of 50 family physicians, data on the age, height and weight of 4587 unidentified women aged 20-70 years were collected by random choice from four regions represent-ing the whole of Estonia. This article presents the minimum and maximum values of height and weight, their arithmetic means and standard deviations for all years of age from 20 to 70. On the basis of means and standard deviations, the limits of women’s height were calculated separately for each year of age in a five-class classification of height and weight. This clas-sification, devised by the Centre for Physical Anthropology at the University of Tartu, contained three classes of concordant height and weight (1 – small height, small weight; 2 – medium height, medium weight; 3 – large weight, large height). The remaining two classes represented types of discordant height and weight (4 – pycnomorphs – large weight, small height; 5 – leptomorphs – small weight, large height). Exceptionally, for the purposes of the current study, the classes of pycnomorphs and leptomorphs were additionally divided into subclasses I, II and III.
Large-scale anthropometric measurements conducted by the Centre showed systemic differences between the classes in all length, breadth and depth measurements, circumferences and body proportions. Based on that, we are of the opinion that such a classification can also be used to systematize data on different years of age.
The introduction of such a classification would facilitate the analysis of problems of medicine and health care.

Kaarma, H.
Saluste, L.
Lintsi, M.
Kasmel, J.
Veldre, G.
Tiit, E.-M.
Stamm, R.
Toomsalu, M.
Arend, A.
Centre for Physical Anthropology, Institute of Anatomy,
University of Tartu,
Tartu, Estonia.
E-mail: antrop@ut.ee