The Influence of Social and Biological Factors on the Somatotypes of Urban Schoolchildren from the City of Gomel in Belarus

DOI: 10.14673/IJA2015341018
Published in Int. Journal of Anthropology – Vol. 30 – n.3-4 – 2015

Key words: social and biological factors, morphological and functional indicators, children and adolescents, somatotype, Belarus.

This article presents an analysis of the impact of social and biological factors on the physical and sexual development of urban schoolchildren from the city of Gomel, Belarus, surveyed in 2010-2012. In total, 1,693 boys and 1,757 girls were examined, between the ages of 7 to 17. It was found that the growth of urban schoolchildren was more influenced by biological factors than social ones. The most important biological factors influencing the formation of the morphofunctional statuses of school age children were length and weight at birth, duration of breast feeding, and the anthropometric status of the mother. Whereas, the important social factors were living conditions and levels of physical activity.

Melnik, V.А.
Department of Normal Physiology, Gomel State Medical University, Gomel, Republic of Belarus.