Mitochondrial Genetic Diversity in the Armenians: A Review

Published in Int. Journal of Anthropology – Vol. 30 – n.3-4 – 2016

KEY WORDS: Armenians, Armenian Highland, mtDNA, genetic structure.

Armenians are the indigenous people of the Armenian High-land with strong and distinct ethnocultural charateristics. Being a crossroad linking Europe and Asia, the Armenian Highland has experienced numerous ancient and recent migrations of different tribes and ethnic groups.  To describe the role of the Armenian plateau in these migrations and how the last influ-enced the ethnogenesis of the Armenian population, numerous population genetics studies have been recently performed on the Armenians. However, the matrilineal genetic legacy of the Armenian population, which is characterised by maternally transmitted mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) is still poorly in-vestigated. Here, we review the current state of genetic studies performed so far on the Armenian matrilineal genetic structure.

Hovhannisyan, H.

Yepiskoposyan, L.
Laboratory of Ethnogenomics,
Institute of Molecular Biology, National Academy of Sciences,
Republic of Armenia, 7, Hasratyan Street, 0014, Yerevan, Armenia.