The Baptistery of San Giovanni a Florentine Enigma

Anno/Year 2020
88 pagine/pages
62 illustrazioni/illustrations.
12x19 cm.
ISBN 978-88-3384-059-8

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Altre pubblicazioni di Piero Degl'Innocenti
L’architettura del Battistero fiorentino di San Giovanni
Il battistero di San Giovanni, un enigma fiorentino

Piero Degl'Innocenti

The Baptistery of San Giovanni, a Florentine Enigma
Studies, Legends and Evidences from Dante to Ken Follett

This elusive monument is classic, early Christian, Byzantine, Lombard or Romanesque? Is it really an ideal model of perfect unity or has been transformed in several times? And moreover: it’s born as a true baptistery or – perhaps – it was once a ‘Temple of Mars’?

Although studied for centuries in every aspect by a crowd of scholars and historians, the topic of the origins of the Florentine Baptistery of San Giovanni remains debated and obscure, since the authors are divided between those who believe it ancient and those who medieval. Thus, being it still not related with certainty to a specific historical context, the «bel San Giovanni» loved by Dante does not find a ascertained and firm placement in the texts, and it is not even clear the role it played in the birth of the Florentine Renaissance.
This book tries to give an answer to the lasting problem in a synthetic view that resumes documents and researches, pointing most of all to what the architecture suggests.

  9 An Endless Debate
12 What the Architecture Shows
26 The Medieval Mirage
35 Early Christian Yes. Or Maybe Not
39 The God of War and the Virgin Martyr
45 Symbol of Victory and Supremacy
56 The Three Lives of the Monument
58 1. As ‘Temple of Mars’
65 2. As Christian Sheepfold
70 3. As Town Baptistery
81 Conclusions
83 Chronology Resulting by theTopics Exposed
85 Bibliographic References


Piero Degl’Innocenti (Firenze, 1942) ha insegnato nella Facoltà di Architettura e nella Scuola di Specializzazione in Beni Architettonici e Ambientali dell’Università di Firenze. Sul Battistero ha pubblicato: Le origini del Bel San Giovanni - da Tempio di Marte a Battistero di Firenze (1994, 2015), Ascendenze orientali del Battistero fiorentino (1995), La meridiana solstiziale del Battistero di San Giovanni (2007) e L’architettura del Battistero fiorentino di San Giovanni - Progetto, appalto, costruzione, vicende (2017).